Preparation Checklist for PJSI Manuscripts
This checklist is intended to help you in preparing your manuscript for publication in
The Pakistan Journal of Social Issues (PJSI).
- Include the full title of the article.
- List author(s)'s name (s).
- Title footnote: A superscript asterisk ( * ) by corresponding author's name refers to the footnote at the bottom of the title page: includes name , title , department , institution and e-mail of the author .
- Make it brief (one paragraph of about 150 words).
- Summarize the most important contributions in your paper.
- Make it accessible, jargon-free and clear to the general reader.
- Consider it a press release about your research.
A list of four to five keywords is to be provided directly below the abstract. Keywords should express the precise content of the manuscript.
- For normal text, use Times New Roman font (10-point with 1.15 line spacing).
- All text should be left aligned with not space between paragraphs, but do indent a new paragraph by 0.5 inches.
- Use consistent verb tense and terminology, active voice, and parallel construction.
- Avoid passive voice, obscure terminology, wordy phrases and pronouns with ambiguous antecedents.
A maximum of five levels of subheadings can be given:
Subheading Level 1
( Times New Roman, bold, 14-point, centralized, upper lower case)
Subheading Level 2
( Times New Roman, bold, 12-point, left-aligned, upper lower case)
Subheading level 3
( Times New Roman, bold, 11-point, left-aligned and indented by 0.5 inches, lower case with a period at end)
Subheading level 4
( Times New Roman, bold italic, 10-point, left-aligned and indented by 0.5 inches, lower case)
Subheading level 5
( Times New Roman, normal italic, 10-point, left-aligned and indented by 0.5 inches, lower case)
Cite only those texts that provide evidence for your assertions or that guide readers to important sources on your topic. Include the last name of the author and year of publication. Include page numbers when you quote directly from a work or refer to specific passages.
- If author name is in text, follow last name with year in parentheses: “Duncan (1959)”.
- If author name is not in text, enclose last name and year in parentheses: “(Gouldner, 1963).”
- Pagination follows the year of publication after a comma: “(Ramirez & Weiss, 1979, 239–40).”
- Give both last names for joint authors: “(Martin & Bailey, 1988).”
- For works with three to five authors, list all last names in the first citation in the text; thereafter use “et al.”: “(Carr, Smith & Jones, 1962)”; and later, “(Carr et al., 1962).” For more than five authors, use “et al.” throughout.
- Separate a series of references with a semicolon: “(Burgess, 1968; Marwell et al., 1971).”
- Appendices appear at the end of your article (label “Appendix 1”, “Appendix 2”, etc.) after the references.
- Use appendices only when necessary and make them brief.
- Use endnotes only when necessary and make them brief (less than 100 words). As an alternative, consider incorporating the same information within the text or adding a brief appendix.
- Begin each note with the superscript numeral to which it is keyed in the text after the references. Notes can explain or amplify text, or cite materials of limited availability.
- Include tables only when they are critical to the reader's understanding.
- Number tables consecutively throughout text.
- Include a brief descriptive title for each table (less than 25 words) and headings for all columns and rows.
- Use the same variable names in your tables as you use in your text.
- Abbreviations and acronyms can be used, but should be spelled out in the table footnote if not done earlier in the text.
- Standard errors, standard deviations, t-statistics, etc., should appear in parentheses under the means or coefficients in the tables and be explained in the table footnote.
- Table footnotes appear at the bottom of the table; use superscript asterisk: ( * ).
- Use asterisks to indicate significance as follows: * p < .05, ** p < .01 and *** p < .001 levels (avoid listing p < .10; only results significant at p < .05 level or better should be indicated as significant in tables or text). Indicate if tests are one-tailed or two-tailed.
- All references cited in the text must be listed in the references, and vice versa.
- Double check spelling and publication details; the PJSI is not responsible for the accuracy of references.
- Cross-check author names cited in the text with author names in the references.
- List references in alphabetical order by author last names. First names of all authors are initialized.
- For multiple authors, names of all authors are inverted (“Jones, A. B., Smith, C. D., & Thorne, B.”).
- For two or more references by the same author(s), list in order of publication year.
- To list two or more works by the same author(s) from the same year, add letters (a, b, c, etc.) to the year or (“1992a”). List in alphabetical order by title.
Bernard, C. (1957). An Introduction to the study of experimental medicine (trans. H. C. Greene). New York: Dover.
Mason, K. O. (1974). Women's labor force participation and fertility . Research Triangle Park, NC: National Institute of Health.
Periodicals and Journal Articles:
Goodman, L. A. (1947). The analysis of systems of qualitative variables when some of the variables are unobservable. American Journal of Sociology, 79, 1179–1259.
Szelényi, S., & Jacqueline, O. (Forthcoming). The declining significance of class: Does gender complicate the story? Theory and Society , 6 (4), 49–66.
Charles, M. (1990). Occupational sex segregation: A log-linear analysis of patterns in 25 industrial countries (PhD dissertation). Department of Sociology, Stanford University, Stanford.
Clausen, J. A. (1972). The life course of individuals. In M. W. Riley, M. Johnson, & A. Foner (Eds.), Aging and Society (pp. 118–143). New York: Russell Sage.
Sampson, R. J. (1992). Family management and child development: Insights from social disorganization theory. In J. McCord (Ed.), Advances in Criminology Theory ( pp. 63–93). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.